September 19th, 2005


Several Minivans Fare Poorly in Tests

By KEN THOMAS, Associated Press Writer

WASHINGTON - Head restraints in some minivans inadequately protect people against neck injuries in rear-end crashes, the insurance industry said Sunday. Several automakers took issue with the latest test results.

Earning poor overall ratings were seven models subjected to a simulated crash: versions of the 2004-2006 model years of the Dodge Grand Caravan and its corporate twin, the Chrysler Town & Country; a version of the 2005-2006 Toyota Sienna; and four General Motors Corp. minivans from the 2005-2006 model years — the Chevrolet Uplander, Buick Terraza, Pontiac Montana SV6 and Saturn Relay.

The 2004-2006 Ford Freestar and Mercury Monterey received the highest rating, or good, from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety.

An edition of the Dodge Grand Caravan and Chrysler Town & Country with adjustable lumbar and head restraints got the second-highest rating, or acceptable. The 2005-06 Honda Odyssey received the second-lowest, or marginal.

"It's disappointing that so many minivan seats are rated poor for rear impact protection," said Adrian Lund, the institute's chief operating officer. "Drivers of minivans spend a lot of time on urban and suburban roads where rear-end collisions are common in stop-and-go traffic."

The minivans were tested on a crash simulation sled. It replicates the forces in a stationary vehicle that is struck in the rear by a similar vehicle at 20 mph.

Vehicles got a higher rating if the head restraint contacted the dummy's head quickly and the forces on the dummy's neck and the acceleration of the torso were low.

Max Gates, a DaimlerChrysler AG spokesman, said the Grand Caravan and Town & Country are "two of the safest vehicles on the road." He pointed to their top marks in the government's frontal and side impact crash tests.

"No single test, including the new rear impact test developed by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, can determine a vehicle's overall safety performance," Gates said.

A Toyota spokeswoman, Allison Takahashi, said Toyota conducts extensive internal testing of the head restraint system. She said Toyota's seats incorporate a system that is designed to help reduce neck injuries in rear-end collisions.

"The protection provided by Toyota's seating systems has always been among the best in the world," she said.

GM spokesman Alan Adler said the automaker's head restraints are engineered to offer high levels of safety. He said the institute's test is "extremely sensitive to variation and can result in different ratings in the same vehicle, such as when one has leather-covered seats and the other has cloth-covered seats."
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виртуальная личность

- всегда есть проявление настоящей, ...

Как-то ранее был случай по данной теме тоже высказывался - лет 5 уже тому как поди теперь будет. Точнее если то в сообщении Out 05/03/2000, 14:59 на конфе политру об том запостил свое мнение:

Впрочем, возможно что высказывавшаяся тогда r_l точка зрения, что длительные упражнения "виртуальной личности" каким-то образом возможно что отражаются также и на стереотипе поведения самого по себе автора такой "литературной конструкции" тоже наверное имеет право на существование, если об том говорить в прогнозном аспекте развития обсуждаенмого процесса:
    Стиль, то, какие слова человек произносит с кайфом - это не только диагноз, но и прогноз.

Имело бы смысл видимо еще раз тут отметить, что так называемые "виртуальные личности" которые используются их авторами для того чтобы иметь возможность безответно поносить своих оппонентов, не имеют ничего общего с персонажами литературных произведений, под которых их обычно пытаются стилистически камуфлировать. Нет необходимости видимо пояснять разницу такого рода "литературных конструкций".